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Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology 2013;17(2): 42-48. doi: https://doi.org/10.3339/jkspn.2013.17.2.42
요검사: 요시험지봉 검사의 유용성과 한계
한태희
인제대학교 의과대학 상계백병원 진단검사의학과
Urinalysis: The Usefulness and Limitations of Urine Dipstick Testing
Tae Hee Han
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Tae Hee Han ,Tel: 02-950-1228, Fax: 02-950-1274, Email: taeheehan@paik.ac.kr
Received: August 14, 2013;  Accepted: October 9, 2013.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons. org/licenses/bync/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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ABSTRACT
The urinalysis is an essential part of the diagnostic work-up for kidney disease and other renal system disorders. The dipstick test allows rapid and simultaneous chemical analyses of urine, including factors such as pH, specific gravity, protein, glucose, ketones, occult blood, bilirubin, urobilinogen, nitrite, and leukocyteesterase. The chemical reactions on dipstick are complicated and can be affected by oxidizing, reducing, and discoloring substances in the urine. Therefore, false positive and false negative results are common in dipstick testing. To obtain reliable results with the dipstick, it is necessary to collect urine cleanly and examine the urine carefully. It is mandatory to clearly understand the principles of dipstick testing to evaluate abnormal findings. If the urine dipstick results suggest hematuria, proteinuria, or urinary tract infection, microscopy of the urine should be performed to confirm the findings.
Key words: Urine Dipstick Testing
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