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Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology 2014;18(2): 57-63. doi: https://doi.org/10.3339/jkspn.2014.18.2.57
School Urine Screening Program in Korea
Yong Hoon Park
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea
Corresponding Author: Yong Hoon Park ,Tel: +82-53-620-3532, Fax: +82-53-629-2252, Email: yhpark@med.yu.ac.kr
Received: September 16, 2014;  Accepted: September 29, 2014.
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ABSTRACT
A number of kidney diseases of childhood may present as isolated proteinuria or/and hematuria, without any overt signs or symptoms. Urinalysis is a simple and inexpensive test used to evaluate various renal disorders. A school urine screening (SUS) program for kidney disease was conducted in Korea in 1998. Several research reports, including case reports and systemic reviews of SUS data, claimed that early detection and confirmatory diagnosis by renal biopsy seems to be helpful for determining the prognosis and intervention of progressive chronic renal disease. However, there is no global consensus as to whether screening for chronic kidney disease (CKD) should be undertaken in children and adolescents. This paper reviews the SUS for CKD in Korea, including the history and structure of the program, its assessment, related research, and associated problems.
Key words: School | Urine | Screening | Program
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