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Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology 2002;6(2): 131-141.
아시아 소아 신장이식 현황
김지홍, 최용, 김병길
1연세대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
3연세대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Pediatric Renal Transplantation in Asia
Ji-Hong Kim, Yong Choi, Pyung-Kil Kim
1Departments of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine
2Departments of Pediatrics, Seoul Notional University College of Medicine
3Departments of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine
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ABSTRACT
Purpose : Renal transplantation which allows children normal growth and development and a return to normal life. is now proven to be the best modality for children with ESRD Up to Recently, the number of renal transplantations in Asia has rapidly increased and the outcome has also improved. This investigation was planned to estimate the current status of pediatric renal transplantation in Asia and to find the keys for better improvement of outcome in pediatric renal allograft in Asian countries. Material and methods : The participating countries and institutions for this investigation were China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Korea, KSPN (Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology), KONOS (Korean Network for Organ Sharing).
Results : Many countries in Asia still do not have a well organized nation wide renal transplantation registration system independently in the pediatric field. So it's very difficult to evaluate the real state of pediatric transplantation among Asian countries. According to the estimation with fragmented data from each countries, in the front running countries of pediatric renal transplantation in Asia, about 40 or more transplants were performed in each country per year and the five year actuarial renal allograft survival was around 80% which is similar to that of western countries. But there were large gaps among the behind groups.
Conclusion : Vigorous attempts to perform renal transplantation for children especially younger than 5 years old would be encouraged as well as organ donation from brain dead donor and non heart beating cadaveric donor also should be activated to cope effectively with the shortage of living donor supply. Large number of recent reports shows the favorable outcome of pre-emptive renal transplantation, we should make more efforts toward pre-emptive renal transplantation. First of all, in order to improve the outcome and to narrow the gap between Asian countries in pediatric renal transplantation, effective and continuous efforts to establish nationwide pediatric renal transplantation registration program as well as official, nation-to-nation data sharing program should be needed.
Key words: Renal transplantation | Pediatric | Asia
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