J Korean Soc Pediatr Nephrol > Volume 6(2); 2002 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology 2002;6(2): 237-242.
폐구균 감염으로 유발된 용혈성 요독 증후군 ( Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome) 1례
심윤희, 최응상, 임인석
1중앙대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2중앙대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
3중앙대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
A Case of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Induced by Pneumococcal Infection
Yoon-Hee Sim, Eung-Sang Choi, In-Seok Lim
1Departments of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Chung Ang University
2Departments of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Chung Ang University
3Departments of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Chung Ang University
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Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute renal failure in children and is comprised of the combination of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure. Atypical HUS, rare in childhood, has worse prognosis than that of typical HUS and is associated with chemotherapy drug, other bacterial (especially Streptococcus pneumoniae) or viral infections, and so on. We report a case of HUS caused by pneumococcal infection in 4-year-old boy. While he was admitted with pneumonia and pleural effusion, pneumococcal infection could be revealed. Although HUS progressed rapidly, he immediately received 3-time hemodialysis and recovered completely after two weeks.
Key words: Hemolytic uremic syndrome | Atypical HUS | Acute renal failure | S.pneumoniae | Hemodialysis

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